WARF: P120362US01

More Flexible Microlens Assembly


Hongrui Jiang, Chenhui Li

The Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF) is seeking commercial partners interested in developing variable-focus liquid lenses that can be mounted on a curved surface.
OVERVIEW‘Variable-focus’ lenses are lenses that have adjustable focal lengths. Liquid-based, miniaturized lenses of this type are useful in photonics, display systems and biomedical tools. However, they are limited to flat surfaces.

For example, electrowetting microlenses typically are fabricated on glass, silicon or other flat rigid substrates. These lenses are extremely promising because they are filled with fluid and can be tuned via an electric field that alters surface tension. Making them more flexible could transform optical technologies from cell phone cameras to medical probes.
THE INVENTIONUW–Madison researchers have developed an electrowetting liquid lens assembly that can be wrapped onto a curved surface.

The lens is made of two immiscible fluids, such as water and silicone oil, and is contained within a chamber. This chamber sits on a flexible polymer base that takes stress off the lens and allows it to be mounted onto a non-flat surface.

Voltage can be applied to electrodes set within the chamber. This causes the curvature of the water-oil interface to change, thereby adjusting focal length.
  • Small lenses and microlenses for optical analysis
  • Cell phone cameras
  • Allows flat components to be wrapped and curved
  • Enables greater field-of-view
  • Focal adjustment is fast and takes very little space
  • Compact and easily fabricated
For More Information About the Inventors
  • Li C. and Jiang H. 2012. Electrowetting-Driven Variable-Focus Microlens on Flexible Surfaces. Applied Physics Letters. 100, 231105.
Contact Information
For current licensing status, please contact Mark Staudt at or (608) 265-3084.
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Since its founding in 1925 as the patenting and licensing organization for the University of Wisconsin-Madison, WARF has been working with business and industry to transform university research into products that benefit society. WARF intellectual property managers and licensing staff members are leaders in the field of university-based technology transfer. They are familiar with the intricacies of patenting, have worked with researchers in relevant disciplines, understand industries and markets, and have negotiated innovative licensing strategies to meet the individual needs of business clients.