WARF: P110078US01

Smoother Plastic Products Using Microcellular Injection Molding


Lih-Sheng Turng, Eugene Dougherty, Chris Lacey, Jungjoo Lee, Pat Gorton, Keith Edgett, Xiaofei Sun

The Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF) is seeking commercial partners interested in improving a technique for manufacturing feminine hygiene products and other high-quality personal and consumer plastics.
OVERVIEWSeveral techniques exist for turning plastic into goods and packaging. Microcellular foams are of particular interest because they can be used to produce strong, lightweight plastic. Unfortunately, during the molding process, gases from the foam can escape from the plastic and cause swirling patterns or gritty texture on the part surface, resulting in rough and unappealing products.

Given these drawbacks, measures have been taken to improve the surface quality of parts formed by microcellular injection molding. These measures have proven costly and often require complicated mold redesigns and operation.
THE INVENTIONUW–Madison researchers and others have improved the microcellular injection molding process to create smoother plastic parts.

In the new process, a polymer is heated, melted and mixed with a low amount of supercritical fluid (such as nitrogen). The resulting mixture is a single-phase solution. The polymer and/or the supercritical fluid may be adjusted to control the weight of the component or its surface properties. Once adjusted, the mixture is injected into a mold. Proper control of the supercritical fluid content in the polymer causes bubbles in the polymer to nucleate in a controlled fashion, which leads to products with a much smoother surface.
  • Microcellular foam injection molding
  • Manufacturing a wide array of high-volume, high-quality parts like tampon applicators
  • Improves surface and mechanical qualities
  • Reduces gritty texture and swirling
  • Cuts raw materials and overall cost of products
  • Can be implemented in existing molds
  • Enables manufacturing with a variety of polymer resins
  • Lower temperature and clamp pressure levels promote higher productivity and faster cooling times.
Contact Information
For current licensing status, please contact Emily Bauer at or 608-960-9842.
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Since its founding in 1925 as the patenting and licensing organization for the University of Wisconsin-Madison, WARF has been working with business and industry to transform university research into products that benefit society. WARF intellectual property managers and licensing staff members are leaders in the field of university-based technology transfer. They are familiar with the intricacies of patenting, have worked with researchers in relevant disciplines, understand industries and markets, and have negotiated innovative licensing strategies to meet the individual needs of business clients.