Flow-Based Anode For The Electrocatalytic Oxidation Of A Fuel Or Other Reductant
Inventors: Shannon Stahl, James Gerken, Colin Anson, Thatcher Root, Yuliya Preger
Anode half-cells for the electrocatalytic oxidation of a liquid or gaseous fuel or other reductant are disclosed, along with electrochemical cells that include such half-cells. The anode half-cells include redox mediator/heterogeneous redox catalyst pairs within an electrolyte solution that is also in contact with an electrode. The electrode is not in direct contact with the heterogeneous catalyst. The redox mediator must include at least one carbon atom and be capable of transferring or accepting electrons and protons while undergoing reduction or oxidation. In operation, the fuel or other reductant is oxidized and the redox mediator is reduced at the heterogeneous catalyst. The reduced form of the redox mediator can then migrate to the electrode, where it is converted back to its oxidized form, which can then migrate back to the heterogeneous catalyst, where the cycle is repeated. The disclosed anode half-cells can be used in electrochemical cells, such as in fuel cells that produce electricity, or in electrosynthetic cells that produce one or more desired chemical products.