Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation

Medical Imaging
Medical Imaging
Time-Domain Inverse Scattering Techniques for Use in Microwave Imaging
WARF: P04336US

Inventors: David Winters, Barry Van Veen, Susan Hagness

The Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF) is seeking commercial partners interested in developing an improved method for estimating the average dielectric properties of breast tissue.
Microwave-based imaging methods, which exploit the contrast in dielectric properties between normal and malignant tissue, offer a promising alternative to ultrasound and X-ray techniques for imaging breast tissue. Malignant tissue is most accurately detected and localized when the processing algorithms include the average properties of the actual, heterogeneous breast tissue, which vary from patient to patient; however, current techniques for solving the equations to estimate these properties suffer from nonlinearity and ill-posedness of the full inverse scattering problem.
The Invention
UW-Madison researchers have developed an improved method for estimating the average dielectric properties of breast tissue. The method, an extension of a time-domain inverse scattering technique, greatly reduces the number of unknown parameters in the inverse scattering problem. This allows the average properties of the breast tissue to be more readily estimated for each patient, increasing the accuracy of malignant tissue detection and localization. Simulation studies have shown that this method results in significantly improved detection of malignant tissue.
  • Detecting malignant breast tissue
Key Benefits
  • Greatly reduces the number of unknown parameters, reducing computational requirements and decreasing the level of ill-conditioning inherent in the inverse problem
  • Much less sensitive to noise than other approaches
  • Can obtain a solution where conventional inverse scattering methods fail
  • Applicable to other subsurface microwave imaging problems, including land mine detection
Additional Information
For More Information About the Inventors
For current licensing status, please contact Jeanine Burmania at [javascript protected email address] or 608-960-9846