Technologies
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WARF: P100253US02

One-Step DNA Extraction from Dried Blood Spots for Newborn Screening


INVENTORS -

Mei Baker

The Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF) is seeking commercial partners interested in developing an efficient, one-step method for extracting DNA from blood samples, particularly dried blood samples.
OVERVIEWNewborn screening is the practice of testing newborns for certain harmful or potentially fatal disorders that are not otherwise apparent at birth. Generally, blood drops are obtained from the heel, finger or ear and then absorbed onto filter paper to produce a dried blood spot collection card. The dried blood spots then are tested for a variety of individual diseases and conditions, including those of metabolic, genetic or hormonal origin. This testing saves millions of dollars each year in health care costs for people who would suffer the long-term effects of these disorders if not treated upon birth.

Many of the tests measure enzymes or metabolites in the blood by immunoreaction or tandem mass spectrometry. However, with the growing number of identified DNA biomarkers for genetic disorders, isolating DNA from the dried blood spots is increasingly desirable. But the isolation of DNA from dried blood samples is a laborious process involving multiple buffers and multiple pipetting and aspiration steps and is not amenable to a high throughput format and automation. In addition, blood can contain contaminants that can interfere with subsequent analysis steps. DNA quality is particularly important in the analysis of single copy number genes for which the signal-to-noise ratio is significant. Improved methods for the rapid, low cost extraction of DNA from blood samples are needed.
THE INVENTIONA Wisconsin researcher has developed a one-step method for eluting DNA from a blood sample. The method involves using a DNA elution solution and agitating the blood sample in the solution with heat. The purified DNA is suitable for use in techniques such as enzymatic DNA amplification and real-time PCR.
APPLICATIONS
  • Newborn screening for genetic disorders such as severe combined immunodeficiency disease (SCID), cystic fibrosis, Sickle Cell disease or galactosemia
  • Forensic science
KEY BENEFITS
  • Cuts sample preparation time in half
  • Easily automated
  • Eliminates numerous wash steps, reducing costs
  • Expected to improve lab test turnaround time
  • No detrimental effect on signal-to-noise ratio
  • Eluted DNA solution does not interfere with the enzymes used for DNA amplification.
STAGE OF DEVELOPMENTThis method was successfully used to extract DNA for a screening test to identify those suffering from SCID.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
For More Information About the Inventors
Publications
  • Baker et al. 2009. Development of a Routine Newborn Screening Protocol for Severe Combined Immunodeficiency. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 124, 522-527.
  • Baker et al. 2010. Implementing Routine Testing for Severe Combined Immunodeficiency within Wisconsin's Newborn Screening Program. Public Health Rep. 125 Suppl 2, 88-95.
  • Verbsky et al. 2012. Newborn Screening for Severe Combined Immunodeficiency; The Wisconsin Experience (2008-2011). J. Clin. Immunol. 32, 82-88.
Contact Information
For current licensing status, please contact Jennifer Gottwald at jennifer@warf.org or 608-960-9854.
The WARF Advantage

Since its founding in 1925 as the patenting and licensing organization for the University of Wisconsin-Madison, WARF has been working with business and industry to transform university research into products that benefit society. WARF intellectual property managers and licensing staff members are leaders in the field of university-based technology transfer. They are familiar with the intricacies of patenting, have worked with researchers in relevant disciplines, understand industries and markets, and have negotiated innovative licensing strategies to meet the individual needs of business clients.