WARF: P140376US02

Enhanced HIV Treatments: Boronic Acid Group Improves Drug Potency


Ronald Raines, Ian Windsor, Michael Palte, John Lukesh

The Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF) is seeking commercial partners interested in developing protease inhibitors that are boronated to enhance their activity for the treatment of HIV infection and AIDS.
OVERVIEWHIV infection, AIDS and AIDS-related complex (ARC) remain serious and ongoing diseases compromising the human immune system. Protease inhibitors, which interfere with the replication cycle of HIV, are widely used to treat these disorders.

However, current HIV protease inhibitors metabolize quickly and must be taken frequently, cause adverse side effects and lead to the development of resistance. New, more effective inhibitors are needed.
THE INVENTIONUW–Madison researchers have developed new, more potent protease inhibitors, particularly aspartyl protease inhibitors such as those that inhibit HIV protease.

To make the new inhibitors, certain aryl groups in existing inhibitors are replaced with aryl boronic acid groups, leading to significantly enhanced activity. The boronic acid group may be protected with a protecting group that can be removed in vivo to provide an HIV protease inhibitor prodrug.
  • Treatment of AIDS and ARC
  • Prevention or treatment of HIV infection
  • Increases potency
  • Does not require significant modification to existing protease inhibitors
  • Lowers effective dose, which should minimize side effects
  • Provides new inhibitors to combat resistance
  • May have a longer in vivo half-life
STAGE OF DEVELOPMENTThe inventors have experimentally demonstrated a 50-fold increase in potency of an existing drug in vitro.
For More Information About the Inventors
  • Andersen K. A., Smith T. P., Lomax J. E. and Raines R. T. 2016. Boronic Acid for the Traceless Delivery of Proteins into Cells. ACS Chem. Biol. 11, 319-323.
  • Windsor I. W. and Raines R. T. 2015. Fluorogenic Assay for Inhibitors of HIV-1 Protease with Sub-picomolar Affinity. Sci. Rep. 5, 11286.
  • Ellis G. A., Palte M. J. and Raines R. T. 2012. Boronate-Mediated Biologic Delivery. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 3631-3634.
Contact Information
For current licensing status, please contact Rafael Diaz at or 608-960-9847.
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